Following more complex maxillofacial surgery such as, for example, orthognathic surgery or the removal of a tumour, physiotherapy sessions are necessary for promoting tissue repair, improving the function of the area affected by the surgery and for treating post-operative pain.

Graeme Lindenberg bases the treatment on fundamental criteria such as diagnosis, pain mechanisms and the clinical situation of the patient, as well as on the psychosocial aspects involved.

In some cases, physiotherapy before surgery may also be necessary. Some problems require pre-surgery sessions in order to achieve a satisfactory recovery.